qing dynasty

Empress Xiaoyiren


Empress Xiaoyiren (d. 24 August 1689), a member of the Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner Tunggiya clan, held the posthumous title as the third empress consort of the Kangxi Emperor, Xuanye, of the Qing dynasty. Her family originated from the Han Chinese Plain Blue Banner. Her father, Guowei, served as a leader of imperial guards and held the title of a first-class duke. Lady Tong entered the Forbidden City in 1676, becoming a mistress of the Kangxi Emperor and was later granted the title of “Noble Consort.” After the death of Empress Xiaozhaoren in 1678, the Noble Consort assumed the de facto chief position in the imperial harem. She was elevated to “Imperial Noble Consort” in 1682 and later became empress in 1689, shortly before her death. She was interred in the Jing Mausoleum of the Eastern Qing tombs and posthumously honored with the title “Empress Xiaoyiren.”

Spouse: Emperor Kangxi


The Kangxi Emperor, born Xuanye and reigning from 1661 to 1722, was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty in China. Despite ascending the throne at the age of seven, his remarkable reign of 61 years, one of the longest in history, saw him become one of China’s greatest emperors. During his early years, actual power was held by regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Zhaosheng. The Kangxi Emperor successfully suppressed the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, subdued the Kingdom of Tungning in Taiwan, and quelled various Mongol rebellions. His reign ushered in a period of stability and prosperity known as the “Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong,” marked by accomplishments like the Kangxi Dictionary and the Complete Tang Poems poetry anthology.

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