qing dynasty

Empress Xiaochengren


Empress Xiaochengren, born on February 3, 1654, into the Manchu Plain Yellow Banner Hešeri clan, was the posthumous name given to the first empress consort of the Kangxi Emperor, Xuanye. Serving as empress consort from 1665 until her death in 1674, her marriage to the Kangxi Emperor was politically motivated, yet he held great affection for her. The couple faced the tragic loss of their first son, Chenghu, in 1672, leading to the Empress’s serious illness. Despite her recovery and subsequent pregnancy, Empress Xiaochengren passed away on June 6, 1674, shortly after giving birth to the emperor’s second son, Yunreng. Deeply saddened by her death, the Kangxi Emperor left the position of empress vacant for approximately three years before naming Lady Niohuru as the new Empress in September 1677.

Spouse: Emperor Kangxi


The Kangxi Emperor (Xuanye), born on May 4, 1654, was the third emperor of the Qing dynasty, reigning from 1661 to 1722. Despite ascending the throne at the age of seven, his 61-year reign marks the longest in Chinese history. Actual power was initially held by regents and his grandmother, the Grand Empress Dowager Zhaosheng. Recognized as one of China’s greatest emperors, Kangxi successfully quelled the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, asserted Qing rule over Taiwan’s Kingdom of Tungning, and subdued various Mongol rebels. His rule brought stability and prosperity, known as the “Prosperous Era of Kangxi and Qianlong,” and saw literary achievements like the Kangxi Dictionary and the Complete Tang Poems anthology.

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