Eastern Jin dynasty

Empress Song Fujin


Song Fujin, also known as Empress Yuanjing, was the empress and second wife of Li Bian (Xu Zhigao), the founding emperor of Southern Tang during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. Born into the household of Wang Rong, a prefect during the Wu era, Song Fujin became a concubine of Xu Zhigao and later his wife. After the death of Xu Wen, Xu Zhigao’s adoptive father, Lady Song urged him to resist attending the funeral to secure his position in the power struggle with his younger brother. In 937, Xu Zhigao ascended the throne, establishing Southern Tang, and Song Fujin became empress. Known for her wise counsel and influence over Li Bian, she advised him on state matters. After Li Bian’s death in 943, Empress Song declined a proposed regency and was honored as empress dowager by her son, Li Jing, the succeeding emperor. She passed away in 945 and was buried alongside Li Bian.

Spouse: Emperor Yuan of Jin


Emperor Yuan of Jin (simplified Chinese: 晋元帝; traditional Chinese: 晉元帝; pinyin: Jìn Yuán Dì; Wade–Giles: Chin Yüan-ti; 276 – 3 January 323), personal name Sima Rui (司馬睿), courtesy name Jingwen (景文), was an emperor of the Jin dynasty and the first of the Eastern Jin. His reign saw the steady gradual loss of Jin territory in the north, but entrenchment of Jin authority south of the Huai River and east of the Three Gorges, and for generations, Jin was not seriously threatened by Wu Hu kingdoms to the north.

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