Yuan Dynasty



Shirindari (Mongolian: Шириндарь, Chinese: 失怜答里; pinyin: Shīliándálǐ) was Khatun of Mongols from 1294 to 1305 as principal consort of Temür Khan.

Like Chabi and Nambui, she was from Khongirad clan. Her father was Olochin, who was Kublai khan’s sister Yesubuha’s son and her mother was Grand Princess Öljei of Lu, daughter of Kublai and Chabi. Her mother Öljei died when she was 5 and her father Olochin died in 1277. She raised to be queen by her grandmother Chabi. According to History of Yuan, she was married to Temür Khan and bore his only son Prince Dashi (died January 3rd, 1306). However, Japanese researcher Uno Nobuhiro thinks of this information as later falsification by Ayurbawada’s mother Dagi, according to him it was Bulugan who bore Temür a son.[1] She died in 1305 and was replaced by Bulugan as principal wife of Temür. She was given a posthumous title Empress Zhēncí Jìngyì (Chinese: 贞慈静懿皇后; lit. ‘Chaste’, ‘kind’, ‘quiet and good empress’) by Külüg Khan.

Yuan Dynasty



Bulugan, a Mongol princess from the Baya’ut tribe and daughter of Torgus Küregen, became the consort of Yuan emperor Temür Khan and served as a powerful regent during his illness. After the death of Shirindari in 1305, she was made empress and swiftly moved to consolidate her power, ensuring the succession of Prince Dashi by removing potential threats, such as sending Ayurbarwada to Henan. However, upon Dashi’s death in 1306 and Temür Khan’s subsequent death in 1307, Bulugan’s attempt to place the Muslim Ananda on the throne and her conversion to Islam led to her downfall. Despite initial support from powerful officials and Ananda’s regional popularity, his Muslim faith and absence of power in the capital city were weaknesses. The Khongirad faction intervened, arrested both Ananda and Bulugan, and reinstated Ayurbarwada and Dagi. In a subsequent power shift, Khayishan ascended the throne and executed Ananda, Bulugan, and their supporters in 1307.

Spouse: Emperor Chengzong of Yuan


Öljeyitü Khan, born Temür, served as the second emperor of the Yuan dynasty of China from May 10, 1294, to February 10, 1307. Regarded as the sixth Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, albeit nominally due to the empire’s division, he was the third son of Crown Prince Zhenjin and a grandson of Kublai Khan, the founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Temür’s reign saw the nominal suzerainty of all Mongol states of the time, and he displayed respect for Confucianism by calling off invasions of Burma, Đại Việt, and Japan. Despite these achievements, his rule faced challenges such as corruption and administrative inefficiencies.

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