Ming Dynasty

中国皇后

明朝第一位皇帝洪武为专制的政治文化奠定了基础。尽管早期的扩张,它是一个内向型的国家,强调其农业基础。商业部门逐渐兴起;在王朝后期,经济和社会关系发生了重要变化;以小说《西游记》的出版为代表,文学界也出现了活跃的局面。

Early Period

Middle Period

End Period

Early Period

Empress Hu and Empress Sun

Empress Hu and Empress Sun

Empress Zhang (Hongxi)

Empress Zhang (Hongxi)

徐太后

徐太后

马皇后

马皇后

Empress Ma (Empress Xiaocigao)

Empress Ma (Empress Xiaocigao)

Middle Period

Empress Qian

Empress Qian

Empress Wang and Empress Hang

Empress Wang (Jingtai) and Empress Hang

Empress Wu and Empress Wang

Empress Wu and Empress Wang

Empress Zhang (Hongzhi)

Empress Zhang (Hongzhi)

Empress Xia

Empress Xia

Empress Chen, Empress Zhang, Empress Fang

Empress Chen, Empress Zhang, Empress Fang

End Period

Empress Xiaoyizhuang

Empress Xiaoyizhuang

Empress Chen (Longqi)

Empress Chen (Longqi)

Empress Xiaoduanxian

Empress Xiaoduanxian (Wang Xijie)

Empress Xiaoyuanzhen

Empress Xiaoyuanzhen

Empress Zhang (Tianqi)

Empress Zhang (Tianqi)

Empress Zhou

Empress Zhou